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In the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, Palani is a city and municipality in the Dindigul district. It is situated approximately 60 km from the town of Dindigul. It is a popular pilgrimage town and more than seven million devotees visit the Palani Murugan Temple every year and give Lord Murugan their prayers. This temple in Tamil Nadu receives the highest number of devotees.
The Hill Temple opens at 4 am during the Tamil month of Markazhi ((9th month) and the Thiruvembavai recital is over. Pooja is performed in the early morning in all the foremost temples of Palani. The Thiruppavai recital is held at the temple of Perumal.
Celebrated for 10 days, “Chinna Kumarar” goes out in procession every day in a small golden car. He walks in the Golden Car on Karthigai Day. On the tenth day, the faithful woman’s lamps light up and praise Murugan.
For 6 days in the month of Aippasi (7th month of Tamil). The mythological account of Lord Muruga Slaying the Demons is based on this. On this day, just the Lord comes down the hill, and once the devils have been defeated, the hill ascends again.
As of the 2001 Indian census, the population of Palani was 67,175. 51 percent of the population are males and 49 percent are females. Palani has a 75 percent average literacy rate, higher than the national average of 59.5 percent: 81 percent is male literacy, and 69 percent is female literacy. 10 percent of the population is under 6 years of age in Palani. Palani Temple’s most popular festivals are Thaipoosam and Panguni Utthiram.
The picturesque slopes of an offshoot of the Western Ghats, the Palani Hills, on which sits the esteemed hill station of Kodaikanal, form the most spectacular back-drop to the area.
The ranges that stretch east-west, to the south of the capital, frame the area with the most inimitable sight. The view within the city is dominated by the two hills, Sivagiri and Saktigiri, on the former of which lies the prominent temple of Lord Subrahmanyan as Bala-Dhandaayudhapaani (‘young lord carrying a staff’Several reservoirs lie at the foot of the hills, the largest of which, in days past, the Vaiyyapuri Kolam, acted as the main reservoir of water for the town’s inhabitants. The lake drains into the Shanmughanadi at its fullest expanse during and directly after the monsoon rains, a short distance from the city. While shrunken in expanse due to intrusions and overgrown with weeds, during the rainy season the lake maintains an extensive water board.
On the slopes of the Palni Hills, the Shanmuganadi, a tributary of the Amaravathi River, finds its source and flows not far from the city. The Varadhaman Nadi Dam, which supplies the town with fresh water, is built on this river, a few kilometres from the suburbs, in the lower reaches of the Palni Hills.
The residents of Palani, for the most part, belong to the castes of Pillai and Pandaram, while the nearby village of Balasamudram has various Nayakars (Naidus). While scattered across the city, the Brahmins have two unique enclaves, namely Chinnakalyamputthur Agraharam, a short distance from the centre, and Gurukkal Street near the Amman Temple of Periyanayaki.
For the most part, the language spoken is Tamil of the Coimbatore dialect, with a heavy influx of the Madurai dialect, which can be traced to the area of Dindigul, the headquarters of the district, where the latter dialect prevails.
Nearest Information Offices for Tourism:
The West Veli Street Madurai Tourist Bungalow Complex. Madurai Phone 229577.
Tourist Knowledge Center, Madurai Railway Junction, Tel. Madurai 245355.
At the Palani Bus Stand, Palani Devasthānam Knowledge Centre is situated.
Nearest offices of the Southern India Automotive Association:
262, Coimbatore-18 Trichy Rd. (Phone 22994).
304 Masi Street West, Madurai (phone number 22535).
2, Trichy Cantonment Promenade Road (Phone 5102).
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